The Massacre of Kondomari. On 2 June 1941, German Fallschirmjäger rounded up the civilians of the Cretan village of Kondomari in one of a long series of mass reprisals on the Greek island of Crete. The execution of the men of Kondomari was orchestrated by Wehrmacht Generaloberst Kurt Student in retaliation for the civilian participation during the Battle of Crete, which had ended in a German victory only two days prior. Throughout the Battle of Crete, the Allied forces and Cretan civilians had inflicted heavy losses of lives on the Wehrmacht soldiers. In particular, the unprecedented resistance from the local population exasperated the German sense of military order, according to which no one but professional soldiers should be allowed to fight. Generaloberst Student in particular, blamed the civilians of Kondomari for the death of a few German soldiers whose bodies had been found near the village. Four trucks full of German Fallschirmjäger (paratroopers) from the III Battalion of Luftlande-Sturm-Regiment 1 under the command of Oberleutnant Horst Trebes surrounded the village. Men, women and children were forced to gather in the village square. Then, a number of hostages were selected among the men while women and children were released. The hostages were led to the surrounding olive groves and shot by an ad hoc firing squad. The exact number of the victims is unclear. According to German records, a total of 23 men were killed, but other sources raise the toll to about 60. Kondomari, Platanias, Crete, Greece. 2 June 1941. Images taken by German Wehrmacht war propaganda correspondant Franz-Peter Weixler.